Korean Journal of Nephrology 2011;30(1):116-119.
A Case of Peritonitis Due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans in a Patient Undergoing Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
Ju Hyoung Lee, Yun Kwon Kim, Se Han Lee, Jae Hyun Jo, Sang Jun Park, Chang Min Yu, Ji Won Yu, Seong O Suh, Yong Hyun Park, Han Seok Seo, M.D. and So Chong Hur, M.D.
Department of Internal Medicine, National Police Hospital, Seoul, Korea
증례 : 지속외래복막투석 중인 말기 신부전 환자에서 발생한 Achromobacter xylosoxidans subspecies xylosoxidans 복막염 1예
이주형, 김윤권, 이세한, 조재현, 박상준, 유창민, 유지원, 서승오, 박용현, 서한석, 허소정
국립경찰병원 내과
Bacterial peritonitis is a well-recognized complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in patients with end-stage renal failure. Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans is a catalase and oxidase positive, motile, nonfermentative and gram-negative rod bacterium that is a rare pathogen in humans and has rarely been reported as an opportunistic human pathogen. We present a case of peritonitis due to unusual pathogens, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans. A 49-year-old diabetic man undergoing CAPD for 90 days developed the first peritonitis due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans. A. xylosoxidans was detected from a culture of peritoneal fluid. Susceptible antibiotic treatment was provided.
Key Words: Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, Gram-negative rod, Peritoneal dialysis, Peritonitis

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