Research and publication ethics

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1. Ethical Approval of Studies

For human or animal experimental investigations, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required. Such approval and the approval number should be stated in the Methods section of the manuscript. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki as revised in 2013 should be followed (World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Available at: wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medicalresearch-involving-human-subjects/). For all relevant clinical transplant articles, KRCP requires authors state in the Methods section their adherence to the Declaration of Istanbul (Available at: Copies of written informed consent and Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for clinical research should be kept. If necessary, the editor or reviewers may request copies of these documents to resolve questions about IRB approval and study conduct.

2. Conflicts of Interest

The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors' interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include financial support from or connections to pharmaceutical companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. Conflict of interest statements will be published at the end of the text of the article, before the References section. Please consult the Committee on Publishing Ethics guidelines ( on conflict of interest. All sources of financial support for the study should be stated in Acknowledgments (see relevant section 3.4 above).

3. Authorship

Authorship credit should be based on 1) conception or design, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it; 3) providing intellectual content of critical importance to the work described; and 4) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet above four conditions. The title page should include a list of each author’s role for the submitted paper.

4. Redundant Publication or Duplicate Submission

Submitted manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format (except in abstract or poster form) and are not under consideration in totality or in part by another publication or electronic medium. Authors must state that neither the manuscript nor any significant part of it is under consideration for publication elsewhere or has appeared elsewhere in a manner that could be construed as a prior or duplicate publication of the same, or very similar, work.
When malpractices are found in an article submitted to KRCP, we will follow the flowchart by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, for settlement of any misconduct. Although the editors and referees make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with KRCP, its editors, or the Korean Society of Nephrology.

Kidney Research
Clinical Practice

Print ISSN: 2211-9132
Online ISSN: 2211-9140

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